Australia fires:whY Australia is on fire?

January 05, 2020

Australia is currently engulfed with smoke. The wildfires that the country is experiencing at the moment are a result of man-induced global warming.

Australia fires:whY Australia is on fire?

There have been quite a few human casualties and the bushfires have burned nearly 5 million hectares of land. Australia saw the hottest and driest season this year with the temperature reaching almost 50 degrees celsius in the last month.
The bushfires are also having an extreme effect on the wildlife of Australia. According to reports over 8,000 koalas, which is approximately 30 percent of the total population in NSW's mid-North Coast region have been lost to fire.
Ecologists from the University of Sydney believe, over 480 million birds, animals, and reptiles have already been lost because of the fires.

Where are the fires?

The fires burn along stretches of the eastern and southern coast, which is where most of the population lives. This includes areas around Sydney and Adelaide.
Since September fires have killed at least 19 people and dozens remain missing.
More than four million hectares have burned in New South Wales alone - one hectare is roughly the size of a sports field.
To put that in perspective: some 900,000 hectares burned in the 2019 Amazon fires and around 800,000 hectares in 2018 in California.


map of Australia fires area



The reason behind fires:


Australia has always experienced bushfires - it has what's known as a fire season - but this year they are a lot worse than normal. The immediate cause is the weather, specifically a phenomenon known as the Indian Ocean dipole, which has meant a hot, dry spell.
This year, Australia twice set a new temperature record: an average maximum of 40.9C was recorded on 17 December, broken a day later by 41.9C.
That comes on top of a long period of drought. some fires are also started deliberately.

Is this climate change?

The overwhelming scientific consensus is that rising levels of CO2 are warming the planet.
Australia has been getting hotter over recent decades and is expected to continue doing so.
While fires are a natural part of the Australian weather cycle, scientists have long warned that this hotter, There have been quite a few human casualties and the bushfires have burned nearly 5 million hectares of land. Australia saw the hottest and driest season this year with the temperature reaching almost 50 degrees celsius in the last month.
The bushfires are also having an extreme effect on the wildlife of Australia. According to reports over 8,000 koalas, which is approximately 30 percent of the total population in NSW's mid-North Coast region have been lost to fire.
Ecologists from the University of Sydney believe, over 480 million birds, animals, and reptiles have already been lost because of the fires. becoming more frequent and more intense.
The more extreme weather patterns and higher temperatures increase the risk of bushfires and allow them to spread faster and wider.

How badly affected is the wildlife?

While people can flee the fires and are being evacuated if need be, the flames are devastating wildlife in the affected areas.
Fast movers like kangaroos can often flee the fires unless they get trapped and are surrounded by flames. Koalas are slow-moving and often die in the flames.
But the fires don't only kill animals directly, they also destroy the habitat, leaving the survivors vulnerable even once the fires have gone.
One academic study estimated that nearly 500 million animals have already died in New South Wales alone. Untold numbers of cattle and sheep are lost.

How much of Australia is on fire?

About 12.35 million acres of land have burned across Australia, according to the sources.
Are the fires in Australia still burning?
December 16, 2019 the New South Wales Rural Fire Service reported 96 fires still burning and  the Area burned to date measuring 1.5 times the size of Connecticut. ... While 80,000 hectares burned in Australia's national parks in 2018, so far this season 10 times that — 1.9 million total hectares — have been affected.


What happened in Australia fire?


Skies reddened and darkened in areas of south-eastern Australia as wind gusts exacerbated the fires. Temperatures surpassed 40C (104F) in some areas. ... Bushfires damaged two power substations in New South Wales, threatening supplies to the state including Australia's largest city, Sydney.

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